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Opening the Red Door
After the Berlin Wall fell, a group of Christian colleges in the U.S. seized the opportunity to begin strategic faculty and student exchanges with universities inside the Soviet Union. They could not have foreseen the doors that would open next. During a 1990 visit to Russia, John Bernbaum and his colleagues received a surprising invitation from a Russian government official: come help build a faith-based university in Moscow. Thus, after seventy years of fierce religious persecution under communism, the Russian-American Christian University (RACU) was born.
In Opening the Red Door, Bernbaum presents an insider's account of the rise and fall of a Russian-American partnership. As a founder and later president of RACU, Bernbaum offers a ground-level perspective on Russia’s post-communist transition and the construction of a cultural-educational bridge between the two superpowers. He describes how American RACU staff worked to understand Russian history and culture—including the nation's rich spiritual heritage—so they could support their new Russian friends in rebuilding an educational system and a society. He documents the story of the first private Christian liberal arts university to be accredited in Russia's history, from its first steps, through its major successes, to its facing increasing opposition during the Putin era.
Opening the Red Door offers unique insight not only into Russian culture and post–Cold War history but also traces the dynamics within international educational institutions and partnerships. When he first traveled to Russia, Bernbaum writes, he thought of it as a nation of mystery. But after more than twenty-five years of work there, he believes Russia can be understood. His journey of understanding will prove instructive to educators, administrators, students, missionaries, and anyone interested in international relations.
"This book recounts an amazing opportunity: an invitation from Russian reformers at the end of the Cold War to found a Christian liberal arts university in Moscow. John Bernbaum was at the center of that adventure, and in Opening the Red Door he shows, in frank and colorful prose, what made this enterprise possible and what brought it down in the end. Christian higher education today is a global endeavor, but it is not just about growth and success. It is a risky business, and we can learn much from our struggles and failures. I commend this highly instructive account to all who engage in Christian higher education."
"The history of establishing a university could be dry and boring. However, in light of the upheavals taking place in Russia during that time, a word such as boring does not apply to this book. Opening the Red Door reads more like a spy thriller."
"Although the Russian-American Christian University has now closed, its history as told by its president John Bernbaum is both important and fascinating—and a riveting read. The university's twenty-five-year existence is a story of Russia's fraught transition out of communism and of extraordinary feats of international cooperation, a nearly unbelievable record of perseverance through official roadblocks and of unanticipated achievement by Russian students, and a moving account of deep person-to-person friendships. It is hard to imagine a more illuminating narrative of recent Russian history and Christian-inspired cooperation."
"What a book for such a time as this! John Bernbaum, a friend and longtime Christian educator, has given us something special in this volume. Academically trained in international relations and experienced in diplomacy, he shows himself to be a gifted writer with keen insight into recent Soviet and Russian history as well as one who understands the hard work of Christian education. Moreover, John writes about the country and its people from the inside. He shares with us his experience of both high hopes and heartbreaking dismay for Russia and his beloved colleagues and friends there. The dark door may have closed, but it will not extinguish the light from Christ's transcendent lordship."
"Christian higher education is expanding around the world, often in the face of political and religious opposition. Opening the Red Door is a fascinating story of one determined attempt to establish an academically rigorous, spiritually vibrant Christian university in postcommunist Russia. Though it was established during a thaw in United States and Russian relations in the 1990s, the Russian-American Christian University ultimately could not survive the deterioration of that relationship following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. But it was not for naught. Seeds were planted. John Bernbaum's firsthand account of the rise, decline, and enduring legacy of the Russian-American Christian University serves as a vivid window into the momentous years between the end of the Cold War and the formation of new global alignments following 9/11. It is also a testament to the incredible dedication of Christians who believe that the growth of the global church needs to be supported and guided by Christian academic institutions. As such, it will inspire as well as instruct readers interested in international politics and the complex relationship between Christian universities and their social context."
"This is the story of a remarkable man with a remarkable dream. In establishing Russia's first Christian-based liberal arts university, John Bernbaum came to know key players in the Russian government and the Russian Orthodox Church. His gripping account provides a unique perspective on the new Russia—and on the challenges to Christian witness as Russia seeks its way into the future."
"Many people write about history, but few actually live through and play a part in shaping those historically significant events. John Bernbaum is one of those few. After the fall of communism, the former Soviet Union experienced a social, economic, spiritual, and educational vacuum never seen before in modern times. Into that vacuum God sent John Bernbaum, his family, and his team to provide not just a solid educational model, not just a Western-style institution of higher education, but the very hope and truth found in Christ alone. This is not just a story about a university; this is a story about a universe in which biblically epic faith and tenacity changed a nation and continues to have a ripple effect through the former Soviet world today. This is a well-written book about a remarkable and seismic shift in history."
"This astounding tale of Russia's sudden openness to Christian higher education, John and others' tireless work to build a Christian liberal arts college, and then the unrelenting pressure of those who sought to undermine this beacon of light provides an inspiring lesson in Christian creativity, perseverance, and integrity in the midst of struggles. For those wanting to learn about Christian culture making and innovation in action, this book provides a fantastic example."
"It seemed unimaginable, during seventy years of officially atheistic communism, that a Russian-American Christian University (RACU) would ever exist in Russia. With the vision and courage of its founder/president, John Bernbaum, and the RACU faculty, board, and other supporters, in 1995 a Christian liberal arts university became a reality. RACU was cherished by its Russian students and increasingly challenged by the Russian government. Now its legacy lives on in the lives of hundreds of RACU graduates, who were prepared for their future work and Christian service. Opening the Red Door is not only a captivating story but also a well-documented historical narrative and inspiring tribute to the ways of God in the world."
"Opening the Red Door is a splendid, well-written book, filled with tragic insights into the failure of post-communist Russia to escape the dark shadows of its past. (The last chapter is particularly outstanding.) John Bernbaum is revealed not only as a first-rate historian but as an inspirational figure of immense faith—whose steadfast attempts over a quarter of a century to establish a private Christian university in Russia take shape against the backdrop of historical and contemporary forces destined to sweep it aside. In the end, the book is a testimony to the power of doing the right thing and leaving the results to God, trusting in the seeds of good that are planted through graduates whose influence is yet to be measured."
"How do Christians enable sustained expressions of faith for their cultures? This special narrative of the Russian engagement with American Christian higher education describes the struggle for such a space over the twenty-some years that the red door was open. It is a true tale of committed Christians from two continents in an unexpected higher education partnership that reshaped many callings, including my own. The book's lessons abound for educators in every country as we internationalize faith-based higher education and engage the surprises of other regions. Profoundly, this tome urges Christians to walk through global doorways when open and, before the face of God, to foster worldwide strategies for Christian higher education."
Foreword by Philip Yancey
1. The Red Door Slowly Opens
2. The Russians Are Coming! The Russians Are Coming!
3. Entering the Soviet Heartland
4. Getting Started
5. Surviving the Coup
6. Meeting with Gorbachev and the KGB
7. Reading Russia Right
8. Seizing the Initiative
9. Laying the Foundation in Russia
10. Learning Together and Telling the Truth
11. A New Way to Educate
12. Russia's Generation Nyet
13. Assembling RACU's Building Blocks
14. Birthing in Chaos: The First Five Years
15. Stability Bears Fruit
16. Terrorism, Economic Collapse, and Growing Opposition
17. The Struggle for Survival
18. Changing Course
19. Lessons and Legacies
Appendix A: Historic Milestones in RACU's Development (1990–2015)
Appendix B: RACU's Board of Trustees
Appendix C: RACU's Board of Advisors
Appendix D: RACU/RAI Provosts
Appendix E: RACU's Faculty and Staff (American and Russian)