These daily online studies are adapted from our Quiet Time Bible Guide. The studies go through the Old and New Testaments in just over two years. The approach taken by our quiet time Bible studies does not include answers. The goal of the study is to help you dig into Scripture for yourself. You can go deeper using a commentary, Bible background guide or Bible handbook.

Exodus 34: Renewing the Covenant

For more context before you begin studying, read this introduction to the book of Exodus.

The cynical statement of some historians is that treaties are made to be broken. Sadly, that's often been the case. Humanity's record of keeping treaties is abysmal, but nations keep on making treaties, hoping for a more secure future. Israel fell into idolatry and soon broke faith with God (Ex 19:8; 24:3). Likewise, we can recall solemn vows and promises shattered by expediency, fear and unfaithfulness. But God doesn't quit on us. That's not his nature. In this study, he calls Moses to the mountain a second time and reaffirms principles of holy living.

Warming Up to God

Think of an experience in which you were given a second chance. How did it make you feel? Why?

Read Exodus 34

Discovering the Word

  • In order to meet God, what was required of Moses (vv. 1-3)?
  • How would you describe God, based on what he proclaimed to Moses (vv. 6-7)?
  • What request did Moses make and why (vv. 8-9)?
  • How would you summarize the covenant God made with Israel?
  • What effect did this meeting with God have on Moses, the leaders and the people (vv. 29-32)?
  • What practice was then established and why (vv. 33-35)?

Applying the Word

  • God calls us to live among those who do not honor his name. In what ways can they be a "snare" for us (v. 12)?
  • What principles of godly living in the New Testament would correspond to God's concern for Israel here (Gal 5:16-26; Eph 4:20-32)?

Responding in Prayer

Praise God for being a God of second chances.

Get Today's Difficult Passage Explained - Hard Sayings of the Bible

Are you grappling with a difficult verse in the Bible? And are you looking for a short, easy-to-read answer that really makes sense without explaining away the verse? Visit this page for a new difficult passage explained daily.