How can a loving God also be a God of wrath?

God's wrath stands out in the minds of many as the single most puzzling aspect of God's character. Often Christians who would like to reconcile divine love with divine wrath—while remaining faithful to the Bible—can't figure out how to do so. Kevin Kinghorn and Stephen Travis offer a way forward.

Using a philosophically informed line of argument and a careful study of the relevant biblical texts, Kinghorn and Travis show how these two aspects of God's character can be reconciled. Often God's wrath is viewed as an expression of holiness or justice, with the implicit assumption that God's just response to people is incompatible with a loving response. The authors instead view God's love as a strictly essential divine attribute, with justice as a derivative of love.

But What About God's Wrath? will appeal to Christians eager to engage this puzzle more deeply, more philosophically, and more biblically, beyond pat answers and devotional platitudes.

"In this outstanding book, Kinghorn and Travis thoroughly refute the common misconception that God's wrath competes with God's love. This insightful and illuminating treatment of divine wrath is philosophically astute and biblically informed. It makes a lucid and compelling case that God's wrath is a function of God's love—always motivated by God's concern for the long-term well-being of others."

John C. Peckham, professor of theology and Christian philosophy, Andrews University, author of The Love of God: A Canonical Model


1 Wrath as a Pattern of Action
2 The Trinity as Benevolent by Nature
3 Does Love Always Seek Our Flourishing?
4 Love in Relation to Justice, Holiness, and Glory
5 Wrath as God Pressing the Truth Upon Us
6 Truth as God's Response to Sin and Self-Deception
7 The Pain of Truth as Our Greatest Pain
8 The Connection Between Wrath and Sanctification
Scripture Index


Kevin Kinghorn (DPhil, University of Oxford) is a professor of philosophy and religion at Asbury Theological Seminary where he teaches graduate courses in philosophy of religion, moral philosophy, and theology. He is the author of The Decision of Faith: Can Christian Beliefs Be Freely Chosen? and A Framework for the Good. He lives in Mount Streling, Kentucky with his wife, Anna, and their two children.

Recommendations For You

Purchased With