Israel’s exodus from Egypt is the Bible’s enduring emblem of deliverance. It is the archetypal anvil on which the scriptural language of deliverance is shaped. More than just an epic moment, the exodus shapes the telling of Israel’s and the church’s gospel. From the blasting furnace of Egypt, imagery pours forth. In the Song of Moses Yahweh overcomes the Egyptian army, sending them plummeting to the bottom of the sea.

But the exodus motif continues as God leads Israel through the wilderness, marches to Sinai and on the Zion. It fires the psalmist’s poetry and inspires Isaiah’s second-exodus rhapsodies. As it pulses through the veins of the New Testament, the Gospel writers hear exodus resonances from Jesus’ birth to the gates of Jerusalem. Paul casts Christ’s deliverance in exodus imagery, and the Apocalypse reverberates with exodus themes.

In Echoes of Exodus, Bryan Estelle traces the motif as it weaves through the canon of Scripture. Wedding literary readings with biblical-theological insights, he helps us weigh again what we know and recognize anew what we have not seen. More than that, he introduces us to the study of quotation, allusion, and echo, providing a firm theoretical basis for hermeneutical practice and understanding.

Echoes of Exodus is a guide for students and biblical theologians, and a resource for preachers and teachers of the Word.

"In this work one finds a mature reflection of the importance of the exodus paradigm throughout Scripture that is sensitive to both diachronic and synchronic concerns in locating this paradigm within the wider biblical-theological landscape. Readers of this volume will not only appreciate the insights this study generates in the reading of particular biblical books and individual passages, they will also be rewarded by the guidance this volume provides in navigating through numerous contested issues in contemporary biblical scholarship. As such, both introductory and advanced students will benefit from this study."

David W. Pao, professor of New Testament and chair of the New Testament department, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School

"Estelle deftly guides the reader, from Genesis through Revelation, to a central teaching of the Bible—the exodus of the Israelites and the unrivaled rule of God. Drawing from a well of primary and secondary sources, this well-written volume is carefully researched and hermeneutically sensitive. Most of all, this book gazes at Christ’s work in delivering his people from the slavery of sin and leading them through the waters of redemption. Certainly recommended!"

Benjamin L. Gladd, associate professor of New Testament, Reformed Theological Seminary

"Scripture presents salvation in Jesus Christ through the grammar of Israel’s exodus out of Egypt. Estelle’s book, pulling together the riches of current scholarship on the topic, ably sets forth how the New Testament authors conveyed the wonders of Christ’s new exodus after the theological pattern of the old. Along the way, Echoes of Exodus demonstrates the unity of both God’s purposes and his word."

L. Michael Morales, professor of Biblical Studies, Greenville Presbyterian Theological Seminary

"Informed by classic Reformed theology and the most modern methods, Bryan Estelle presents what may be the most careful and extensive study of the exodus available. His study is a model of an intertextual and biblical theological study of a theme in Scripture, and not just any theme, but one of crucial importance to understanding the message of salvation in the gospel. I recommend this book to all serious students of the Bible and to pastors who want to preach in a way that honors the coherence of Scripture."

Tremper Longman III, Distinguished Scholar of Biblical Studies, Westmont College
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CONTENTS

Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Introduction
1. Hermeneutical Foundations
2. The Past Is Prologue: Creation and Exodus
3. The Exodus Motif: A Paradigm of Evocation
4. The Psalms and the Exodus Motif
5. Isaiah’s Rhapsody
6. Exile and Post-exile: The Second Exodus Revisited
7. Jesus as the New Exodus in Mark and Matthew
8. The Exodus Motif in Luke–Acts
9. The Exodus Motif in Paul
10. The Exodus Motif in 1 Peter
11. The Exodus Motif in Revelation: Redemption, Judgment, and Inheritance
12. Conclusion
Appendix: Intertextuality
Bibliography
Author Index
Subject Index
Scripture Index

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Bryan D. Estelle (PhD, Catholic University of America) is professor of Old Testament at Westminster Seminary California. He is the author of Salvation Through Judgment and Mercy.

BY Bryan D. Estelle

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