North American domestic missions are now situated in a complex landscape of changing faith, ethnic diversity, and racial unrest. But most missiological approaches continue under colonialist assumptions and lack the cultural competency to navigate new realities.

Missiologist Daniel White Hodge explores the contours of post–civil rights contexts and focuses on Hip Hop theology as a framework for radical engagement of emerging adult populations. He critiques the impaired missiology of imperialist and white supremacist approaches to modern urban and short-term missions. With keen cultural exegesis of the wild, he explores the contours of a more contextualized Hip Hop Jesus. Reexamining the importance of race and ethnicity in mission, Hodge offers theological space for protest and social disruption and suggests conceptual models for domestic missions within a growing multiethnic demographic.

Grounded in Hip Hop studies and youth ministry, Hodge constructs a hybridity of lived missiology where dissent and disruption open new possibilities for Christian faith in the twenty-first century.

"We pastors sit around wringing our hands and lamenting the state of the church in America. As the institution of the church crumbles before our eyes, our culture gets increasingly wild. Facing an uncertain future, we're tempted to turn our backs and cower inside our sanctuaries, even as their foundations crack and crumble. With Homeland Insecurity, however, Daniel White Hodge calls us to join him in the margins that are swiftly becoming the only reality available to us. He shows us the rot that has killed our traditions. And he points to where the Spirit has been at work for a long time, wild and unpredictable. Hodge introduces us to the prophets and poets who have discovered God at the margins and invites us to take a seat and learn from them. This is not a manual for church renewal. This is an invitation to resurrection, to join the Spirit, to discover new life on the other side of death, and to find a firmer foundation, one that moths cannot eat and rust cannot destroy. The Hip-Hop church is good news for us all."

JR. Forasteros, author of Empathy for the Devil, teaching pastor of Catalyst Community Church

"Daniel White Hodge is the preeminent hip-hop theologian of our generation. Homeland Insecurity only adds to his legacy as he speaks directly to contemporary missiology through the political lenses of rap, racism, and white privilege. He also critically addresses the complexities of reconciliation in a power structure, even in the church, where there has only ever been one racial winner and one racial loser. Hodge has lived a theological reality of the sacred, secular, and profane from inside and outside the academy and is able to construct this theology of mission with unmatched authority. Homeland Insecurity is a text I will be using in my courses for years to come."

Andrew Marin, research associate at the Centre for the Study of Religion and Politics, University of St. Andrews

"Dr. Daniel White Hodge takes readers for another journey under the learning tree, this time providing critical research to understand what is taking place within Christianity in the United States. As a tenured professor and internationally renowned speaker, Hodge has distilled his lectures into a book that captures his voice and heart to reach those who have been both exploited and marginalized. Weaving biblical studies, pop culture antidotes, and historical narrative, Hodge seamlessly engages the social justice issues of our day, such as systematic racism. Homeland Insecurity is an imperative work that will prove to be an asset not only to college students as required reading but also to anyone wrestling with how to address missions in a relevant and practical manner."

Gabe Veas, associate professor of mentoring and community development, Ashland Theological Seminary

"Daniel White Hodge is a dynamic voice who has found the intersection of black liberation, Hip Hop, and reconciliation theology. He bridges the profane and prophetic for purposes of holistic transformation. Once again, he delivers a powerful resource."

Efrem Smith, copastor of Bayside Church Midtown, author of The Post-Black and Post-White Church

"The wild is a space that is not accounted for by the ideological trappings that regulate and organize societies by white supremacy. The wild does not give a pass to brutality because it doesn't fit into the tightly drawn script of non-negotiable offenses that organize too much of white Christianity. In the wild, murdering black people remains murder, patriarchy is a problem, and social justice is not an optional category after the core matters of personal salvation are addressed. With Homeland Insecurity, professor Hodge offers an important reframing of the work of evangelism and missions, aimed at youth in a post-soul generation, to allow for an understanding of the presence of the body of Christ, church, in the wild."

Reggie L. Williams, associate professor of Christian ethics at McCormick Theological Seminary


Foreword by Jude Tiersma-Watson
Introduction: A Missiology in an Era of Civil Disruption

Section 1: Elements of an Impaired Missiology
1. What Happened? Christianity and the Theological Turn of the Twentieth Century
2. Missions, Race, and God: The Impairment of Short-Term Missions and White-Led Urban Ministries

Section 2: A Cultural Exegesis of the Wild
3. God in Hip Hop: A Conversation on Complexity
4. The Jesus of Hip Hop in the Wild: Race, Crisis, and the Pursuit of a Messiah
5. Vignettes of the Post-Soul Voice

Section 3: Church in the Wild: Unconventional Missiology in the Twenty-First Century
6. Communal Connections in the Wild: From Short-Term Missions to Lifelong Relationships
7. Baptized in Dirty Water: Learning from the Post-Soul Missiologists Tupac Amaru Shakur and Kendrick Lamar
8. Beyond Reconciliation in the Wild: The Importance of Engagement with the Intricacies of Race and Ethnicities in Missions and Missiology
9. A Theology for the Wild: Protest and Civil Disruption as Missiology
10. Conclusions: Toward a Missiology of the Wild and the Secular, Sacred, and Profane

Epilogue: Wilbert R. Shenk
Author Index
Subject Index
Scripture Index


Daniel White Hodge (PhD, School of Intercultural Studies, Fuller Theological Seminary) is the director of the Center for Youth Ministry Studies and associate professor of youth ministry at North Park University in Chicago. He also serves as editor in chief of the Journal of Hip Hop Studies. He is the author of Heaven Has a Ghetto, The Soul of Hip Hop, and Hip Hop's Hostile Gospel: A Post Soul Theological Exploration.

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