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Divine Foreknowledge

Four Views

Spectrum Multiview Book Series

Edited by James K. Beilby and Paul R. Eddy
Contributions by Gregory A. Boyd, David Hunt, William Lane Craig, and Paul Helm

Divine Foreknowledge
  • Formats: pdf
  • Published: August 20, 2009
  •  In stock
  • ISBN: 978-0-8308-7493-4
  • Item Code: 7493

The question of the nature of God's foreknowledge and how that relates to human freedom has been pondered and debated by Christian theologians at least since the time of Augustine. And the issue will not go away.

More recently, the terms of the debate have shifted, and the issue has taken on new urgency with the theological proposal known as the openness of God. This view maintains that God's knowledge, while perfect, is limited regarding the future inasmuch as the future is "open" and not settled. This Spectrum Multiview volume provides a venue for well-known proponents of four distinct views of divine foreknowledge to present their cases:

  • Gregory A. Boyd of Bethel College presents the open-theism view.
  • David Hunt of Whittier College weighs in on the simple-foreknowledge view.
  • William Lane Craig of Talbot School of Theology takes the middle-knowledge view.
  • Paul Helm of Regent College, Vancouver, presents the Augustinian-Calvinist view.

All four respond to each of the other essayists, noting points of agreement and disagreement. Editors James K. Beilby and Paul R. Eddy introduce the contemporary debate and also offer a conclusion that helps you evaluate the relative strengths and weaknesses of each view. The result is a unique opportunity to grapple with the issues and arguments and frame your own understanding of this important debate.

Spectrum Multiview Books offer a range of viewpoints on contested topics within Christianity, giving contributors the opportunity to present their position and also respond to others in this dynamic publishing format.



1. The Open-Theism Response - Gregory A. Boyd
A Simple-Foreknowledge Response
A Middle-Knowledge Response
An Augustinian-Calvinist Response

2. The Simple-Foreknowledge View - David Hunt
An Open-Theism Response
A Middle-Knowledge Response
An Augustinian-Calvinist Response

3. The Middle-Knowledge View - William Lane Craig
An Open-Theism Response
A Simple-Foreknowledge Response
An Augustinian-Calvinist Response

4. The Augustinian-Calvinist View - Paul Helm
An Open-Theism Response
A Simple-Foreknowledge Response
A Middle-Knowledge Response


Subject Index

Scripture Index

James K. Beilby

James Beilby (PhD, Marquette University) is professor of systematic and philosophical theology at Bethel University in St. Paul, Minnesota. He is the author of Thinking About Christian Apologetics and Epistemology as Theology, the editor of Naturalism Defeated?, and the coeditor of numerous volumes, including The Nature of the Atonement, Divine Foreknowledge, The Historical Jesus, and Justification. His written work has appeared in publications such as Faith and Philosophy, Philosophia Christi, Religious Studies, and Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society.

Paul R. Eddy

Paul R. Eddy (Ph.D., Marquette University) is Professor of Theology at Bethel University in St. Paul, Minnesota. His books include John Hick's Pluralist Philosophy of World Religions (Ashgate), Across the Spectrum: Understanding Issues in Evangelical Theology (with G. A. Boyd, Baker) and Divine Foreknowledge: Four Views (with James Beilby IVP).